People's Daily: The rice bowl of energy must be held in your own hands
Content introduction: On January 7, 2021, People’s Daily published a signed article by Ren Ping, entitled "Energy’s Job Bowl Must Be in Your Hands-On Promoting China’s High-Quality Energy Development in the New Era", which has a great impact on the future development of wind power and other energy sources. Give in-depth guidance, it is recommended to collect and read.
Photo: People's Daily Article: Ren Ping
Photo: People's Daily Article: Ren Ping
(1) "We were an oil-poor country back then. At the beginning of the founding of New China, the oil wars played an important role in our country's self-reliance and industrialization under the blockade. Indispensable!" On October 21, 2021, General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized when investigating Shengli Oilfield: "Petroleum energy construction is of great significance to our country. As a major manufacturing country, to develop the real economy, China's energy rice bowl must be in its own hands. inside."
Energy is the food of industry and the lifeline of the national economy. Since the founding of New China, especially since the reform and opening up, we have been able to create two miracles of rapid economic development and long-term social stability, which are inseparable from the important support provided by the continuous development of the energy industry. The “Resolution of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Major Achievements and Historical Experience of the Party’s Centuries of Struggle”, reviewed and approved by the Sixth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, pointed out that “guaranteeing food security, energy and resource security, and industrial chain "Supply chain security", when summarizing the great achievements in safeguarding national security in the new era, it emphasizes "coordinated development and security" and pointed out that "safety development runs through the entire process of national development in all fields." The Central Economic Work Conference held not long ago emphasized: "Ensure energy supply" "We must deepen the energy revolution and accelerate the building of an energy power." Forging ahead on the new journey of building a modern socialist country in an all-round way and marching towards the second centenary goal, ensuring energy security is of the utmost importance.
Those who are good at game seek power, those who are good at plan seek far. "For a large country like ours, ensuring the supply of primary products is a major strategic issue." General Secretary Xi Jinping attaches great importance to energy security, and has repeatedly talked about this issue recently. At the symposium on in-depth promotion of ecological protection and high-quality development in the Yellow River Basin, he emphasized: "We must promote the energy revolution and stabilize energy supply." When attending the 16th summit of the G20 leaders, it was emphasized that China will "continue Promote the transformation and upgrading of energy and industrial structure, promote the R&D and application of green and low-carbon technologies, support qualified localities, industries, and enterprises to take the lead in reaching the peak, and make positive contributions to the global efforts to tackle climate change and promote energy transformation."
The Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core has made arrangements for many times to ensure national energy security. The Fifth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Party emphasized the need to "ensure the safety of energy and strategic mineral resources." The "14th Five-Year Plan" and the 2035 long-term goal outline have made a series of important deployments around "building a modern energy system", "improving the protection capabilities of important functional areas", and "implementing energy resource security strategies". The "Carbon Peak Action Plan by 2030" clearly states that to ensure the country's energy security and economic development as the bottom line, promote the smooth transition of energy low-carbon transition, and promote the carbon peak action in a steady and orderly and gradual manner to ensure safe carbon reduction.
"The energy rice bowl must be in our own hands." This is a profound summary of historical experience, a profound insight into reality, and a profound manifestation of the future.
(2) Energy is the foundation and driving force of the progress of human civilization. It is related to the survival and development of mankind, national economy, people's livelihood and national security, and is critical to promoting economic and social development and enhancing people's well-being.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, General Secretary Xi Jinping has stood at the height of coordinating the overall strategy of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation and the world’s unprecedented changes in a century. The "One Cooperation" new energy security strategy focuses on promoting energy consumption revolution, energy supply revolution, energy technology revolution, and energy system revolution, strengthening international cooperation in an all-round way, and realizing energy security under open conditions. It puts forward a series of new concepts, new viewpoints and new requirements:
——"Energy security is an overall and strategic issue related to the country’s economic and social development, and is essential to the country’s prosperity and development, the improvement of people’s lives, and the long-term stability of society."
——"The development of low-carbon energy is related to the future of mankind. China attaches great importance to low-carbon energy development and actively promotes energy consumption, supply, technology, and institutional revolution."
——"In the face of new changes in the energy supply and demand pattern, new trends in international energy development, and to ensure national energy security, we must promote the revolution in energy production and consumption. Promoting the revolution in energy production and consumption is a long-term strategy, and we must start from the present and accelerate the implementation of key tasks And major moves."
——"Resolutely control the total energy consumption, effectively implement the priority policy of energy conservation, integrate energy conservation throughout the entire process and various fields of economic and social development, resolutely adjust the industrial structure, attach great importance to urbanization and energy conservation, establish a diligent and thrifty consumption concept, and accelerate the formation of energy A conservation-oriented society."
——"Based on the domestic diversified supply to ensure safety, vigorously promote the clean and efficient use of coal, focus on the development of non-coal energy sources, form an energy supply system driven by coal, oil, gas, nuclear, new energy, and renewable energy, and simultaneously strengthen energy transmission Construction of distribution network and reserve facilities."
——"Coal, as the main energy source of our country, must follow the development direction of green and low-carbon, benchmarking to achieve the goal of carbon peak and carbon neutrality, based on national conditions, control the total amount, hold the bottom line, orderly reduce and replace, and promote coal Consumption transformation and upgrading."
——"For our petroleum energy industry, the next step is to implement technology, continuously improve production capacity, reduce costs, and at the same time follow the direction of green and low-carbon transformation to achieve the goal of energy saving and carbon reduction."
——"Based on my country’s national conditions, closely following the new trend of the international energy technology revolution, focusing on the direction of green and low-carbon, promoting technological innovation, industrial innovation, and business model innovation, and closely integrating with other high-tech fields to integrate energy technology and its relatedness The cultivation of the industry has become a new growth point that will drive the upgrading of my country’s industry."
——"We must do a good job in this article on modern energy economy, keep up with the new trend of the world's energy technology revolution, extend the industrial chain, and improve the efficiency of comprehensive utilization of energy resources."
——"We must concentrate our resources to overcome key core technologies, accelerate clean and efficient development and utilization, and improve the quality of energy supply, utilization efficiency and carbon reduction level."
——"Unswervingly advance reforms, restore the attributes of energy commodities, build an effective competitive market structure and market system, form a mechanism that mainly determines energy prices by the market, change the government's energy supervision method, and establish a sound energy legal system."
——"Under the prerequisites of being primarily domestic, strengthen international cooperation in all aspects involved in the energy production and consumption revolution, and effectively use international resources."
——"Energy cooperation is a key area of the joint construction of the'Belt and Road'. We are willing to strengthen cooperation in the energy field with other countries within the framework of the joint construction of the'Belt and Road' to create favorable conditions for common development and jointly promote the sustainable development of global energy. Maintain global energy security."
——"Insist on strategic coordination and promote the coordinated development of the global energy governance system. We must promote the construction of a more fair, equitable, balanced, inclusive, open and shared global energy governance system, and contribute more solutions to global energy governance."
These new concepts, new viewpoints and new requirements demonstrate the outstanding ability of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core to control the socialist market economy, reflect the profound thinking about ensuring my country’s energy security under the conditions of the new era, and demonstrate the importance of maintaining national security and development. A firm will has pointed out the direction for the high-quality development of China's energy in the new era. Under the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core, we unswervingly advance the energy revolution, comprehensively promote the reform of energy consumption patterns, build a diversified and clean energy supply system, play the first driving force of technological innovation, and comprehensively deepen the reform of the energy system. Market vitality, all-round strengthening of international energy cooperation, greater efforts to deepen the energy low-carbon transition, major changes in energy production and utilization, historic achievements in energy development, and new steps in the high-quality development of the energy industry .
Energy consumption reflects clean and low-carbon. The comparison of data between the present and the past contains profound changes. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, energy consumption per unit of GDP has been reduced by 24.4%, which is equivalent to reducing energy consumption by about 1.2 billion tons of standard coal. The average annual growth of energy consumption has supported an average annual growth of 6.4% in the national economy. , Energy utilization efficiency continues to improve; in 2020, the proportion of coal consumption will drop to 56.8%, the proportion of clean energy consumption will increase to 24.3%, and the energy consumption structure will accelerate its transition to clean and low-carbon; as of September 2021, the number of new energy vehicles in my country will reach 6.78 million vehicles, showing a trend of sustained high-speed growth. With the establishment and implementation of the dual control system for energy consumption intensity and total amount, and with the inclusion of energy-saving indicators into performance evaluation systems such as ecological civilization and green development, unreasonable energy consumption has been suppressed, and the friendliness of energy and ecological environment has improved significantly, and an energy-saving society Formation is accelerated, the energy consumption structure is more optimized, green has become a brighter color, and cleanliness has become a bright spot.
Improve the capacity and quality of energy supply. During the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" period, my country's energy independent guarantee capacity has always remained above 80%, and the relationship between supply and demand has continued to improve; as of the end of October 2021, my country's cumulative installed capacity of renewable energy power generation has exceeded the 1 billion kilowatt mark, which was achieved compared to the end of 2015. The installed capacity of hydropower, wind power, solar power, and biomass power generation continued to be the largest in the world; by the end of 2020, the installed capacity of clean energy power generation had increased to 1.083 billion kilowatts, surpassing the installed capacity of coal power for the first time. In the global optimization of the business environment evaluation organized by the World Bank, my country’s ranking of “Access to Electricity” has increased from 98th in 2017 to 12th in 2019. From stabilizing energy supply to improving the quality of supply; from realizing the efficient development and utilization of fossil energy to giving priority to the development of non-fossil energy, establishing a clear orientation of ecological priority and green development, and deepening the structural reform of the energy supply side. A multi-wheel-driven energy production system for electricity, nuclear, new energy, and renewable energy has basically taken shape, the energy transmission capacity has been significantly improved, the energy reserve system has been continuously improved, and economic and social development and the energy demand for people’s livelihood have been effectively guaranteed.
Energy technology stimulates innovation. Vigorously implement the innovation-driven development strategy, build a green energy technology innovation system, and continue to demand motivation and benefits from energy technology innovation. Established a complete industrial chain of clean energy equipment manufacturing for hydropower, nuclear power, wind power, solar power, etc., and successfully developed and manufactured the world's largest single-unit capacity of 1 million kilowatts of hydropower generators, with a full range of wind turbine manufacturing capabilities with a maximum single-unit capacity of 10 MW, constantly refreshing The world record for conversion efficiency of photovoltaic cells; significant breakthroughs have been made in a number of nuclear energy utilization technologies such as new generation nuclear power and small reactors. The technological capabilities of oil and gas exploration and development have continued to improve. The high-efficiency development of low-permeability crude oil and heavy oil, and the new generation of composite chemical flooding technologies are world-leading, The level of shale oil and gas exploration and development technology and equipment has been greatly improved, natural gas hydrate trials have been successful, and a large number of new energy technologies, new models, and new business forms are booming... Keeping up with the new trend of the international energy technology revolution, scientific and technological innovation in the energy sector has been realized From “following and running side by side” to “innovation and leading”, technological progress has become the basic force driving the transformation of energy development.
The energy system releases development vitality. Comprehensively improve the level of marketization in the energy sector, continuously optimize the business environment, significantly increase market vitality, and make it easier for market entities and the people to do business and entrepreneurship. From the energy sector’s “decentralization, regulation and service” reform, significant results have been achieved, and 72% of the decentralization of approval items have been cancelled, to the further relaxation of foreign investment market access in the energy sector, and more diversified investment entities; from the in-depth promotion of the orderly liberalization of power generation and utilization plans and trading institutions Independent and standardized operation and power market construction, to gradually build a power market system with medium and long-term transactions as "ballast", auxiliary service markets as "stabilizers", and spot pilots as "experimental fields". We deepen key energy fields and key areas. The market-oriented reform of links and the construction of an effective and competitive energy market are opening up the fast lane of energy development. The energy reform and the construction of the rule of law are coordinated to advance, the energy governance mechanism covering strategies, plans, policies, standards, supervision, and services has basically been formed, and the energy legal system has been continuously improved.
International cooperation demonstrates Chinese wisdom. my country firmly supports multilateralism, conducts bilateral and multilateral energy cooperation in accordance with the principle of mutual benefit and win-win results, and strives to expand the space for international cooperation. At the national and regional levels, it has successively established intergovernmental energy cooperation mechanisms with more than 90 countries and regions; at the international organization level, it has established cooperative relations with more than 30 international organizations and multilateral mechanisms in the energy field, and established the China-Arab League Clean Energy Training Center, China-African Union Energy Partnership, China-Central and Eastern Europe Energy Project Dialogue and Cooperation Center, APEC Sustainable Energy Center, China-ASEAN Clean Energy Capacity Building, and other five regional cooperation platforms; Approved landmark major projects, and built five major oil and gas cooperation zones in Central Asia-Russia, the Middle East, Africa, America, and Asia-Pacific... my country’s international cooperation in the energy field has continuously made new breakthroughs, laying a solid foundation for achieving energy security under open conditions. Promoting the sustainable development of global energy and building a cleaner and more beautiful world has contributed to China's strength.
The new energy security strategy of "Four Revolutions, One Cooperation" is not only a complete theoretical system, but also embodied in vigorous development practice. China is unswervingly advancing the energy revolution, making the clean and low-carbon transition of energy consumption faster, making energy supply more quality and efficiency, making energy technology innovation more powerful, making the energy system’s institutional advantages greater, and making the all-round international The circle of friends and concentric circles for cooperation are wider. The high-quality development of my country's energy industry provides a strong guarantee for the realization of high-quality development of my country's economy.
(3) Looking back on the development process along the way, my country's energy industry has undergone vicissitudes of vicissitudes of life, and it has achieved rapid development from a waste of time to rapid development. It is really difficult and difficult. It is hard to come by and is commendable!
At the beginning of New China, coal accounted for more than 90% of the country's total energy consumption, and the foundation of my country's petroleum industry was very weak. In 1949, crude oil production was only 120,000 tons, and domestic oil consumption basically relied on imports. In February 1958, the Party Central Committee made a major decision to move the oil exploration strategy eastward. The vast number of oil and geological workers came to the vast Songnen Plain from all sides of the motherland with pride, and launched a vigorous oil battle, finally marking the 10th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China. The discovery of the Daqing oil field on the eve opened a page of historical turning significance in the history of China's oil development. In 1961, the Shengli Oilfield at the mouth of the Yellow River was discovered, and another oil battle of New China was launched on the coast of the Bohai Sea.
In order to get rid of the “oil-poor country”, Daqing oil workers represented by the iron man Wang Jinxi, under extremely difficult conditions at the time, said that “I would rather live less than 20 years and desperately want to win the big oil fields”. It took more than three years to win the battle. For more than 60 years, generations of Daqing people have worked hard and worked hard to build my country’s largest oil production base on the ancient wasteland. Daqing Oilfield has produced 2.43 billion tons of crude oil and built the world’s largest tertiary oil recovery base. After the peak of 50 million tons of crude oil production, Daqing has maintained the 50 million tons level for 27 consecutive years, and still maintains stable and high output. Over the past 60 years, Shengli Oilfield has discovered 81 oil and gas fields, with 55 proven petroleum geological reserves.
8.7 billion tons, the cumulative crude oil production accounted for 1/5 of my country's onshore crude oil output during the same period. The development of China's energy industry represented by the petroleum industry has created brilliant achievements that have attracted the attention of the world, has erected the backbone of the national industry, and has grown up the ambition of the Chinese people!
"Only hardships can be more courageous; only hard-working can be precious." From "poor and white" to a major energy country, from "coal-based" to "clean and diversified" development, energy supply has changed from "universal non-use". From “upper” to “generally guaranteed” to “high-quality and individualized”, the development of my country’s energy industry from small to large, from weak to strong, has overcome numerous challenges, overcome numerous problems, and condensed generations of energy front work. The hard work and hard work of the people. It can be said that the growth and brilliance of the energy industry has witnessed the growth and brilliance of the People's Republic; the exploration and success of the energy industry has embodied the exploration and success of the party leading the people in socialist construction and reform and opening up.
From the founding of New China through self-reliance and hard work, a relatively complete energy industrial system has been gradually built; since the reform and opening up, it has adapted to the needs of rapid economic and social development and has become the world's largest energy producer and consumer and the country with the fastest improvement in energy efficiency; Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, we have comprehensively promoted changes in energy consumption patterns, built a diversified and clean energy supply system, implemented innovation-driven development strategies, continuously deepened energy system reforms, continued to promote international cooperation in the energy field, and promoted energy to enter a new stage of high-quality development The steady development of my country’s energy industry has provided strong support for the sustained and healthy development of the economy and society, and has also made positive contributions to safeguarding world energy security, responding to global climate change, and promoting world economic growth.
Today's China, from the endless photovoltaic panels in the northwest, to the "big windmills" standing on the prairie, and then to the shuttle of new energy vehicles... my country's energy clean and low-carbon transition is showing vigorous vitality, and innovation in the energy sector is in the ascendant. We have established the concept of harmonious coexistence between man and nature, taking clean and low-carbon as the leading direction of energy development, and are accelerating the construction of a clean, low-carbon, safe and efficient energy system, providing a more solid guarantee for national energy security, and providing high-quality economic and social development More solid support. Putting the energy job in our own hands, promoting a clean and low-carbon transformation of energy and achieving high-quality development, not only can build a solid energy foundation for the comprehensive construction of a modern socialist country, but also itself is a new growth point that promotes sustained and healthy economic development. Economic growth continues to inject strong new momentum.
(4) "The one who observes the situation is wise, and the one who controls the situation wins." The world today is undergoing major changes unseen in a century. my country is in a critical period of achieving the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. The domestic and international environment facing my country's development is undergoing profound and complex changes. This puts forward new and higher requirements for ensuring national energy security and promoting high-quality energy development.
From the perspective of the international situation, the world’s century-old changes and the century’s epidemic are intertwined, the international environment is intricate, the world economy is in a downturn, the global industrial supply chain is facing reshaping, and the uncertainty of instability has increased significantly. The impact of the new crown pneumonia epidemic is widespread and far-reaching. The trend of anti-globalization, unilateralism, and protectionism is surging, the international energy market has increased volatility, and the global energy governance system has been deeply adjusted. As the world's largest energy consumer, how to effectively guarantee national energy security and effectively guarantee the country's economic and social development has always been the primary issue for my country's energy development. Only by putting the energy job in our own hands and fully guaranteeing national energy security can we grasp the initiative in future development and firmly hold the bottom line of the new development pattern. At the same time, global technological innovation has entered an unprecedentedly intensive and active period. A new round of technological revolution and industrial transformation is restructuring the global innovation landscape and reshaping the global economic structure. The accelerated development of energy technology with the goal of clean, efficient and sustainable will trigger a global energy revolution. , Energy development is showing low-carbon, electrified, and intelligent trends. Modern energy technology is profoundly affecting national development and international competition. As General Secretary Xi Jinping profoundly pointed out: "Green and low-carbon development is a trend, and those who follow it will prosper." Promoting energy technology to achieve high-level self-reliance has become a new round of technological revolution and industrial transformation opportunities to win innovation and development. The general trend of taking the initiative and ensuring national energy security.
From the perspective of domestic development, we have achieved the first centenary goal and are moving towards the second centenary goal of building a modern socialist country in an all-round way. General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized that "the development of the new era and the new stage must implement the new development concept and must be high-quality development." Promoting high-quality development is the theme of economic and social development during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period. Adhere to quality first, benefit first, take supply-side structural reform as the main line, promote economic development quality change, efficiency change, power change, change development mode, optimize economic structure, and transform growth momentum, all need to ensure energy security and adjust energy structure . In particular, as a major manufacturing country in my country, whether the real economy represented by the manufacturing industry can achieve a leap from large to strong is related to the overall high-quality development of the economy. my country's economy started from the real economy, and it also depends on the real economy to move towards the future. No matter when the economy develops, the real economy is the foundation for my country's economic development and winning the initiative in international economic competition. To promote the real economy to be unswerving, persistent, and even higher on the road of independent innovation, it is necessary to guarantee the rigid demand of the real economy for the growth of energy consumption with high quality. We must grasp the "bull nose" of adjusting the energy structure, vigorously improve the quality of energy supply, resolutely refrain from the old road of high energy consumption and high carbon emissions that developed countries have taken, and effectively support high-quality development with lower energy consumption and carbon emissions. , To support the systemic transformation of the economy and society with profound changes in the energy industry, and to facilitate the overall green transformation of economic and social development.
From the perspective of actively responding to climate change, as the pace of green development continues to accelerate, the development of clean energy and the reduction of carbon emissions have become a general consensus of the international community. Achieving carbon peak and carbon neutrality is a major strategic decision made by the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core in coordinating the domestic and international situations. The solemn promise of a community with a shared future for mankind. Achieving carbon peak and carbon neutrality is a broad and profound economic and social change, and it is by no means easy to achieve. my country’s commitment to achieve the time from carbon peak to carbon neutrality is far shorter than the time taken by developed countries. This means that my country, as the world’s largest developing country, will complete the world’s highest reduction in carbon emission intensity, which is the shortest in global history. Time from carbon peak to carbon neutrality. This undoubtedly requires us to make arduous efforts. To achieve this goal, we must thoroughly implement Xi Jinping’s thoughts on ecological civilization, based on the new development stage, fully, accurately and comprehensively implement the new development concept, build a new development pattern, promote high-quality development, and incorporate carbon peak and carbon neutrality into the overall economic and social development. , Guided by the comprehensive green transformation of economic and social development, with energy green and low-carbon development as the key, unswervingly follow the ecological priority, green and low-carbon high-quality development path, and ensure that carbon peaks and carbon neutrality are achieved on schedule. The energy industry has a large scale, strong correlation, and a wide range of influence. The carbon emissions from energy activities account for a high proportion of the country's total carbon emissions. Energy development is connected to the construction of material civilization and the construction of ecological civilization to achieve comprehensive economic and social development. The green transition must surpass the threshold of energy transition and reform.
At present, our country has turned to a stage of high-quality development. It has many advantages and conditions to ensure national energy security and promote high-quality energy development. my country’s socialist system has the political advantage of concentrating its efforts on major issues. It has accumulated a solid material foundation over the past 40 years of reform and opening up. The fundamentals of my country’s long-term economic growth have not changed. Key technologies in the energy sector have developed by leaps and bounds. The scale of my country’s renewable energy development and utilization It is firmly ranked first in the world, the new development concept has become the consensus of the whole society, and the green development has become a conscious action...These all provide more solid support for ensuring national energy security and promoting high-quality energy development. It is our confidence and confidence in maintaining energy jobs. Where the confidence lies.
Facts have proved that as long as we strengthen our confidence, maintain our strength, give full play to our advantages, and overcome difficulties, we will surely be able to firmly hold the energy job in our own hands, and will surely provide a solid and reliable energy guarantee for the comprehensive construction of a modern socialist country.
(5) "The trend of aspirations is endless, and the mountains and the sea are not limited." Accurate recognition of change, scientific response, active pursuit of change, and realization of reform and innovation on the basis of grasping the law can win advantages and win Take the initiative and win the future.
General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized: “We must assess the situation from the strategic perspective of national development and security, take advantage of the situation, and find a way to adapt to the general energy trend.” At present, the global energy supply and demand landscape is undergoing profound changes, and my country’s energy transformation and transformation has a long way to go. The new energy security strategy of "Four Revolutions, One Cooperation" proposed by General Secretary Xi Jinping profoundly reveals the general logic of the global energy development trend, reveals the characteristics, laws and direction trends of my country's energy development in the new era, and opens up the development of energy with Chinese characteristics. New road. Practice has fully proved that the promotion of energy production and consumption revolution is a fundamental strategy to ensure energy security and promote the harmonious coexistence of man and nature; the new strategy of "four revolutions, one cooperation" energy security has pointed out the protection of my country's energy from the overall and strategic perspectives. Safely and promote the direction and path of my country's high-quality energy development. To ensure my country's energy security and promote high-quality energy development, we must thoroughly study and implement General Secretary Xi Jinping's series of new concepts, new views and requirements on energy work, unswervingly implement the new energy security strategy, and adhere to the new path of energy development with Chinese characteristics.
To comply with the general trend of energy development and to promote high-quality development of energy, the key lies in the complete, accurate and comprehensive implementation of the new development concept, "adhere to the people-centered", "adhere to the clean and low-carbon orientation", and "adhere to the core position of innovation". Persist in promoting development through reforms, "Persist in building a community with a shared future for mankind", and promote a comprehensive green transformation of economic and social development. We must adhere to the system concept, handle well the development and emission reduction, carbon reduction and security, overall and partial, short-term and long-term, establishment and destruction, government and market, domestic and international multi-dimensional relationships, and accelerate the formation of resource conservation and protection The environmental industrial structure, production methods, lifestyle, and spatial pattern, adhere to the ecological priority, green and low-carbon high-quality development path; we must strengthen the bottom line thinking, adhere to the first and then break, and deal with pollution reduction and carbon reduction, energy security, and industry The relationship between supply chain security, food security and the normal life of the people, effectively respond to the economic, financial, and social risks that may be associated with the green and low-carbon transition process, and ensure safe carbon reduction; adhere to the problem-oriented approach and show greater courage and more Take measures to remove deep-seated system and mechanism barriers and effectively solve the problem of unbalanced and inadequate development.
To better maintain energy jobs, we must coordinate energy development and security, and firmly hold the bottom line of energy security. It should be recognized that security is the prerequisite for development, and development is the guarantee of security. Ensuring energy security is the primary task of energy development. To coordinate energy development and security, it is necessary to improve the energy production, supply, storage and marketing system, maintain the dynamic balance of domestic energy supply and demand, and enhance energy's ability to systematically guarantee economic and social development. General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized: “We must use the'two markets', but there must be a safety line, and the red light will be turned on when we exceed it.” To enhance domestic resource production support capabilities, and accelerate the development and application of advanced technologies for oil and gas and other resources; It is necessary to clarify the strategic bottom line for the self-sufficiency of domestic production of important energy resources, strengthen the construction of the national strategic material reserve system, and play the role of regulating the bottom line at critical moments. From the perspective of energy security, the energy structure and system morphology will face tremendous changes. In the short term, it will be necessary to withstand the pains of transformation and change. However, in the long run, carbon peak and carbon neutrality is a strategic choice to ensure my country’s energy security. Only by building a clean, low-carbon, safe and efficient energy supply system can deep decarbonization and intrinsic safety in the energy sector be realized.
To better maintain energy jobs, we must implement high-quality development requirements, build a clean, low-carbon, safe and efficient energy system, and improve energy supply guarantee capabilities. Based on the basic national conditions and development stages, establish the orientation of ecological priority and green development, adhere to the development and protection in the development, deepen the structural reform of the energy supply side, give priority to the development of non-fossil energy, and promote the clean and efficient development and utilization of fossil energy. Improve the energy storage and transportation peak shaving system, and promote the coordinated development of regional multi-energy complementary. The Central Economic Work Conference held not long ago emphasized: “Achieving carbon peak and carbon neutrality is an inherent requirement for promoting high-quality development. It must be unswervingly promoted, but it is impossible to complete the effort.” The gradual withdrawal of traditional energy should be based on new energy. On the basis of safe and reliable substitution, we must establish the basic national conditions of coal-based, clean and efficient use of coal, increase the capacity of new energy consumption, and promote the optimal combination of coal and new energy; we must pay close attention to green and low-carbon technology research; we must be scientific Assessment, new renewable energy and raw material energy use are not included in the total energy consumption control, create conditions to realize the transition from "dual control" of energy consumption to "dual control" of total carbon emissions and intensity as soon as possible, and accelerate the formation of incentives for reducing pollution and carbon Constraint mechanism to prevent simple decomposition. In the process of promoting a clean, low-carbon transition and high-quality development of energy, it is necessary to further consolidate the foundation, promote advantages, make up for shortcomings, strengths and weaknesses, strengthen the construction of energy security guarantee capacity, and meet the economic and social development and the people’s increasing clean life for a better life. Can demand.
To better maintain energy's jobs, it is necessary to play the role of the first driving force of technological innovation and upgrade the modernization level of the energy industry chain and supply chain. We must take the improvement of energy technology as a breakthrough in energy transformation and development, accelerate the pace of independent innovation in energy technology, strengthen the national energy strategy and technology, give play to the main role of enterprise technology innovation, promote the deep integration of industry, university and research, and promote the transformation of energy technology from introduction and follow-up to independent innovation , To form an integrated innovation of upstream and downstream linkages of energy technology innovation and a coordinated technological development model for the entire industry chain. It is necessary to seize the opportunities of the new round of global scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation, vigorously implement the innovation-driven development strategy in the energy field, enhance the ability of energy technology innovation, and solve major issues such as energy resource constraints, ecological environment protection, and response to climate change through technological progress. challenge. Improving the top-level design of energy technology innovation policies, building a diversified and multi-level energy technology innovation platform, launching collaborative technology innovation in major energy fields, and supporting the development of new technologies, new models and new business formats, can enhance the innovation capabilities of various entities and form an "energy innovation and development". Fusion effect".
To better maintain the energy job, we must deepen reforms in energy and related fields, and insist on both the market and the government. It is necessary to give full play to the decisive role of the market in the allocation of energy resources, give better play to the role of the government, deepen market-oriented reforms in key areas and key links, remove institutional and institutional barriers that hinder development, and focus on solving problems such as imperfect market systems, in order to safeguard the national energy Provide institutional guarantees for safety and high-quality development of energy. It is necessary to build a unified, open, and orderly competitive energy market system, vigorously cultivate diversified market entities, strive to remove market barriers, and improve the efficiency and fairness of energy resource allocation; strive to build a service-oriented government, stimulate the vitality of market entities, promote fair market competition, and promote The effective market and the effective government are better combined to form a joint development force of the "invisible hand" and the "visible hand".
To better maintain energy jobs, we must strengthen international exchanges and cooperation, and effectively coordinate domestic and international energy resources. Climate change and energy issues are currently outstanding global challenges.
It concerns the common interests of the international community and the future of the earth. Promoting the balance of world energy supply and demand and maintaining world energy security are urgent tasks faced by all countries in the world. China practices the concept of green development, conducts international cooperation in accordance with the principle of mutual benefit and win-win, strives to achieve energy security under open conditions, expands the opening up of the energy sector, promotes high-quality co-construction of the "Belt and Road", actively participates in global energy governance, and guides the response to climate change International cooperation promotes the building of a community with a shared future for mankind. Only by working together to promote the sustainable development of global energy can the international community work together to meet the challenges of climate change and ensure global energy security.
The vast and vast nine pulses flow in China, and there should be Lingyun pens vertically and horizontally. Looking at the land of Shenzhou, Inner Mongolia will "build an important national energy and strategic resource base", Shanxi will strive to become the "vanguard of the national energy revolution" through comprehensive reform pilots, and Qinghai must base itself on the plateau's unique resource endowment and "build a national clean energy industry highland." Tibet should promote its strengths and avoid weaknesses, adapt measures to local conditions, and "accelerate the construction of a national clean energy base"... In recent years, General Secretary Xi Jinping has issued a series of important instructions to chart the direction of regional energy development, build a new mechanism for coordinated development of regional energy, and stimulate the deepening of the energy revolution in various places. Enthusiasm. Forging ahead in a new journey and making contributions to a new era, party committees and governments at all levels must unify their thoughts and actions into General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important speech, important instructions, and the Party Central Committee’s decision-making and deployment, and continuously improve political judgment, political understanding, and political execution. Dare to take responsibility and be good at doing things, and continue to inject new impetus and make new contributions to better maintain energy jobs and promote my country's high-quality energy development.
(6) When inspecting and investigating Shengli Oilfield, General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized that “the oil front has always been a banner for the reform and development of the Republic. Achieve good results."
From facing the harsh natural environment of "the blue sky and one wasteland", to overcoming today's world-class exploration and development problems, from the passionate battle against the sky, to the technological innovation that keeps pace with the times, the energy field has emerged over the years. A large number of heroes and models were produced, forming the Daqing spirit and the iron man spirit with "patriotism, entrepreneurship, truth-seeking, and dedication" as the main connotations. "Iron Man" Wang Jinxi said, "If you have the conditions, you must do it, but if you don't have the conditions to create conditions, you must also do it"; the second generation of "Iron Man" Wang Qimin, "I would rather put my hard work, but also let the oil field produce stable and high yields"; the third generation of "Iron Man" Li Xinmin, "I would rather go through all kinds of difficulties and dangers, but also to donate oil to the motherland"... As General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized: "The outstanding contribution of Daqing Oilfield has been engraved on the historical monument of the great motherland. Daqing spirit and iron man spirit have become Chinese An important part of the great national spirit." On the way forward, the Daqing spirit and the iron man spirit will always be the precious spiritual wealth that inspires the Chinese people to go forward courageously without fear of difficulties.
The Sixth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Party emphasized, “Today, we are closer, more confident and capable of achieving the goal of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation than at any time in history. At the same time, the whole party must clearly realize that the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation is absolutely impossible. It cannot be achieved easily and with drums and gongs. There are still various predictable and unpredictable risks and challenges on the way forward." The party's centuries of struggle have fundamentally changed the future and destiny of the Chinese people, opened up the correct path to realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, and has entered an irreversible historical process to realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. Today, the Chinese people are more confident, self-reliant, and self-reliant. They have greatly enhanced their ambition, backbone, and confidence. The powerful energy accumulated in the course of history has fully exploded, glowing with unprecedented historical initiative and historical creativity, and is writing with confidence. The great history of China's development in the new era.
In the new great journey, we must maintain the heroic spirit of "the more difficult and dangerous the more forward", the high morale of "dare to teach the sun and the moon to change the sky", immerse ourselves in hard work, overcome difficulties, and strive to create something worthy of the party. A performance worthy of the people and the times; to enhance the awareness of danger, always be prepared for danger, implement the overall national security concept, coordinate development and security, and have the courage to overcome various risks and challenges from home and abroad; maintain strategic determination and enhance confidence in victory , Strive to achieve higher quality, more efficient, fairer, more sustainable, and safer development, advance with the times to improve my country's economic development level, and shape my country's new advantages in international economic cooperation and competition. The majority of energy front workers must use the great spirit of the party’s centuries of struggle to nourish and inspire themselves, carry forward the fine traditions, undertake historical missions, understand the burdens, overcome difficulties, and strive to achieve high-quality development of energy. Make new contributions in the new journey of building a modern socialist country in an all-round way.
The vicissitudes of life forge the right path, and history reveals the future. Under the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core, strengthen the "Four Consciousnesses", strengthen the "Four Self-confidences", achieve "Two Safeguards", have the "Bigger of the Country" in mind, and keep in mind what the Communist Party of China is and what it wants to do This fundamental issue is the complete, accurate, and comprehensive implementation of the new development concept, the implementation of the "four revolutions, one cooperation" new energy security strategy, unswervingly follow the new path of energy development with Chinese characteristics, and better coordinate development and security, and improve energy efficiency. With the rice bowl firmly in our own hands, we will definitely be able to provide a strong energy guarantee for the realization of the second centenary goal and the realization of the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, and promote the construction of a cleaner, more beautiful, prosperous and livable world!